Skyscrapers and Tunnels (Gratticieli e tunnel), Fortunato Depero, 1930 (detail)


It is not possible to justify the machinations of ‘natural capitalism’, or ‘green capitalism’ as truly sustainable, for we will find no end to these ecologically, socially, intimately destructive consequences by trying to imagine alternatives through logics that are already finite, compartmental, and contain the imaginaries of statehood, capital ownership, and hierarchies of superiority. It is necessary to reach outside of ourselves. It is necessary for ‘epistemic ruptures’ to come as social revolutions that are inspired out of worldviews entirely different from the roots of capitalist thought, from resistance that is borne out of languages and cosmologies that cannot even imagine, cannot give place to, ideas of nationalism, statehood, citizenship, and the privatization of the planet. Confrontation with extractive and industrial development, and the continued sale of land into private ownership, cannot just negate developments as they arise, but need to create a widespread ethical change by which such developments are not only unnecessary for their endless reliance on exploiting an absurd surplus, but are understood as morally unacceptable. This means “imagining futures” of entirely different ways of existing on the planet and relating to the earth, requiring as Cadena writes, “an insurgence of indigenous forces and practices with the capacity to significantly disrupt prevalent political formations, and reshuffle hegemonic antagonisms, first and foremost by rendering illegitimate (and, thus, denaturalizing) the exclusion of indigenous practices from nation-state institutions.”



To Justify Land 3: Discrepancies in the Values is republished in the Media Co-Op:

full article:

Colonization’s impact on rivers, from Siberia to the Ottawa Valley


Hydroelectricity development continues in Québec, as Hydro-Québec currently targets the “protected” Magpie River, with recent contestation from the Natashquan Innu who blockaded La Romaine hydroelectric complex near Havre-Saint-Pierre in 2015. Yet, reparations for century-old projects are still being sought for their devastation of the environment throughout Nitassinan, across the borders of Québec and Labrador. Reparations are also still sought for a cultural genocide committed in favour of war-time industries and industrialist profiteering. The power of the northern rivers of the Boréal was monetized for the benefit of a few industrialists whose notions of progress still resonate today. The same companies still believe in their proud history of colonial brutality, of their conquest of the wild frontier, empowered by Canadian neoliberal policy. The same legacy of politicians believes that progress is continued surveying, extraction, production, land development, and prioritization of corporate interests over the truly global crisis of the endless growth of capital.

The mask of these extractive industries is the promise of employment – first to Québec workers and later, when they began to resist too effectively, to Innu communities. Just like the Nenets on the Yamal who were offered the opportunity to become subsidiaries of Russian oil and gas companies, the Innu too could now share in the revenues of mines, smelting factories, and profitable hydroelectric dams! In the process of negotiating rights for self-governance, Innu communities in Québec are being offered buy-in to ongoing hydroelectric projects. “In Nutashkuan, the Innu could have the option to partner with Québec in developing and profiting from a 50-MW hydroelectric dam.” (National Post, Feb. 7, 2016). Collaboration with extractive industries and power companies is cynically depicted as the only way to progress in negotiations with the Canadian state for better living conditions and self-governance in affected regions, and the only way by which to maintain a semblance of control and oversight on projects being developed. In “consultation”, permission for continued development is taken for granted as a guaranteed outcome, not as a point of true disputation. The compromise is employment opportunities and “guaranteed royalties”. Under the conditions of assimilation into the state, “progress”, “success” and “development” mean “revenue generation” that is based on “institution-building, economic development, land and natural resource use”. Co-operation with Indigenous peoples means enforcing an economic system that fosters dependency on private corporations for the provision of benefits and security, and enforcement of environmental regulations, when the conditions for self-governance in all of these areas is systemically oppressed by colonial states – autonomy, self-governance, independence are, after all, all enemies of the state.

genocide is outside of the UN’s mandate

Indonesian genocide in West Papua is non-genocide because it does not qualify as: ‘intentional efforts to wipe out all or part of indigenous West Papuans as a distinct racial and ethnic group’ (c/o UN human rights office of the high commissioner).

The following acts shall be punishable:
(a) Genocide;
(b) Conspiracy to commit genocide;
(c) Direct and public incitement to commit genocide;
(d) Attempt to commit genocide;
(e) Complicity in genocide.


“The UN’s decolonisation committee will not accept a petition signed by 1.8 million West Papuans calling for independence, saying West Papua’s cause is outside the committee’s mandate.” (The Guardian, Sep. 30, 2017)

Meanwhile, Canadian economy grows, adds new jobs, bloats prosperity, raises a glass to new booming profits:

Tuesday, September 23, 2014: Indonesia presents ‘big opportunities’ for Canadian business, specifically, Hatfield Consultants Limited, Vancouver BC. “In addition to Canada, Hatfield has established offices in Indonesia, Laos, and Botswana and business partners in Chile and Thailand” and “We specialize in undertaking complex, multi-disciplinary environmental projects, often in collaboration with networks of local experts and specialists in particular fields.” Sales: $9.0 million – Exports: $2.5 million. “Big players such as Manulife Financial Corp., Sun Life Financial Inc., Vale Ltd. (formerly Inco Ltd.), Bombardier Inc. and BlackBerry Ltd. are firmly established in Indonesia. Now it is time for smaller companies to explore this rich terrain, experts say.” such an exciting place – Export Development Canada. “Indonesia’s new president, Joko Widodo, is a young, self-made businessman who seems open to foreign investment.

To Justify Land: Greenwashing Gentrification

To Justify Land 2: Greenwashing Gentrification is republished by the Media Co-Op:

full article:

Among Windmill’s other useful affiliate companies are construction and building contractors Ledcor:  “We work in concert with a broad team of other green industry professionals under the banner of Ledcor Renew to perform deep green sustainability retrofits on institutional properties and corporate portfolios” [Ledcor] – a portfolio that includes EnCana, Enbridge, Shell, Suncor Energy, the “renewable energy” projects of hydro-electric dams in Fitzimmons Creek (Whistler, BC), Ashlu Creek (Squamish, BC), and wind and solar farms owned respectively by oil company Suncor and gold mining company Barrick Gold. “Under the banner of Ledcor Renew” regurgitates the same dynamic of “deep” greenwashing an industry of poison that, in the eyes of investors and other stakeholders, absolves extractive companies of their destructive nature. “Ledcor continues to work with their longtime client Shell on their Albian Sands Expansion which began in 2006.

Windmill  also  wholly  owns  a  sustainable  development  consulting  company,  Buildgreen Consulting,  that  is currently consulting  on a  diversity of  projects  across North  America  including  venues  for  the  2010  Vancouver  Olympic  Games,  2014  Halifax Commonwealth  Games  Bid  and  a  complete  sustainable  resort  village  in Loreto  Bay,  Mexico.” [Capital Communiqué, ASHRAE: American Society of Heating, Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Ottawa Valley Chapter. October 2007.]


“investing in a mining company is tax-free”

Another federal government program involves what are known as flow-through shares. This is a tax program specifically encouraging investors to put money in mining shares or, to put it another way, a program that indirectly subsidizes stock market speculation on the securities of junior companies. Flow-through shares are a way for mining companies to provide shareholders with tax deductions for expenses that the companies themselves cannot claim because they have already deducted over 100% of their income [48] (this testifies, of course, to the incredible generosity of Canadian tax laws for mining companies). The goal is to induce investors both big and small to support mining securities. There is no way this program can be justified according to the arguments used when it was introduced in 1954 as a way of stimulating investment in mining. Today, the program allows mining, gas, and oil companies to issue shares that are entirely tax-deductible in Canada. In our country, investing in a mining company is tax-free, just as a charity donation is tax-free.

(Canada: A New Tax Haven, Alain Deneault (transl. Catherine Browne) 204, 2015 transl. Talonbooks. Vancouver. 168)

“activist investing”

“Wes founded Kingsdale in 2003 to provide clients with best-in-class services for communicating with shareholders and managing any transaction or event that requires a shareholder vote. Under Wes’ leadership Kingsdale has set itself apart by delivering an unparalleled track record of success for North America’s biggest names including:  Air Canada, Barrick, BHP Billiton, Citigroup, CN, CP, Encana, Goldcorp, Talisman, Suncor and Sprott.” [QM Environmental Press Release, Mar. 24, 2016]

cantos for other sites / working text

with usura
acquisition of Honduran land through Finnish investment
DESA purchasing up land through intimidation, coercion

Dec. 27, 2011
purchase of tracts of land (illegal)
following mayoral visitations to convince public of dams

1920s attempts by the family to purchase land from farmers
1942 Santa Barbara tries to acquire land in Rio Blanco
deaths of Rio Blanco residents defending Gualcarque

DESA: Desarrollos Energéticos, SA
no corporate ownership information available,
“The company was founded in 2008 and is based in Tegucigalpa, Honduras.”
The website you were trying to reach is temporarily unavailable.

a matter of transparency

people also viewed:
Falcon Ingeniera, Ingenieros Consultores y Constructores Electromecanicos (ICCE), Grupo Terra, ENERCOM, Energia Renovable S.A de C.V, Grupo POPA

DESA and SINOHYDRO taking land not even under the tracts
Chinese state-owned hydropower:
Benin, Bolivia, Congo, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea,
Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Honduras, Indonesia,
Iran, Ivory Coast, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mali,
Mexico, Myanmar, Nepal, Nigeria, Pakistan,
Serbia, Sudan, Thailand, Uganda, Vietnam, Zambia

SINOHYDRO invested in Congo copper and cobalt mining
Honduran dam, Patuca III Hydroelectric Project, financier: China Exim Bank
destroying plantations of coffee, orange, banana, corn and bean,
SINOHYDRO replaced by Guatemalan COPRECA

a mountain into gravel

DESA/SINOHYDRO providing vehicles for Honduran military police
The shooting of Tomas Garcia, father of his son Allan Garcia
FMO is shocked by the news that Nelson García, another COPINH member, has been murdered in Honduras. After the recent violent death of Berta Cáceres,”

Privatisation of land (and all things of it, that is ‘RESOURCE’)
World Bank & International Development Bank
overriding land tracts

back to the dam:
FMO Entrepreneurial Development Bank
Total FMO financing for Agua Zarca, $15 million USD (EUR 0.03 MLN)
Signing date: 10-03-2015
& see again, the Dutchified commanders: 2593 HW The Hague, The Netherlands

“DESA is committed to develop and manage the project in accordance with the IFC Performance Standards and with an active approach toward the local communities. This has led to the development of a tailor-made program by an international consultant which enables DESA to profit from their experience and be better equipped to manage the social side of this project.

undertook TWO DUE DILIGENCE TRIPS before contracting to better understand the environmental and social impacts of the project

FMO (Financierings Maatschappij voor Ontwikkelingslanden) (in coordination with Finnfund) and CABEI (Central American Bank for Economic Integration). FMO is financing the project with USD 15 million)
[Frequently Asked Questions on The Agua Zarca Run-of-the-River Hydroelectric Generation Project]

land required for the project on the left hand bank was purchased from 16 individuals through the willing-buyer-willing-seller approach” [FAQ]

Valle del Angeles Y
San Ramon N
La Estancia N
La Leona N
construction justifiable in all N

essential problem: land ownership,
own to construct dam,
own to construct condominium
own to construct state
state controls rights to land to own the land to own the state

but appeased if purchased
that land tracts are valid


the sacredness of a river is a matter of distance
of a few kilometres
the river is not considered sacred and the company has their consent to build in that location
not a matter of principle, a matter of legality


full article on Berfrois:

golconda magritte
“Golconda”, René Magritte (1953), painting usually housed in Texas.


To Justify Land 4: Onwards, Ecofiscal Commissions! is a project of assemblage and republication without altering the splinters of original text, creating an emergent narrative. The act of re-composing information, or found text, changes the legible context and the experience of reading, assimilating and forgetting information. Nothing new, only what is already-there. Journalistic materials and press releases are interpreted outside of their chronological documentation or perceived span of relevance – when the spectacle is discarded and forgotten, and becomes history. Also: in the absence of critical discussion in the Ottawa-Gatineau region that reaches outside of exclusive activist communities, corporate media pundits who wouldn’t be caught dead having an opinion, and academics who won’t antagonize without the sweet seduction of grant money, tenure, or proof of expertise, this section of To Justify Land pirates the bandwidth of search-engine keywords, hopefully directing more attention to the networked information contained herein for readers’ own interpretation. This mimics both the parasitic character of most mainstream news sources, as well as spam sites that copy and re-post excerpts or articles in their entirety elsewhere (a venture through the looking glass). By collaging the found fragments, the project also reflects the prominence of particular sources which are most accessible, or simply reflect certain algorithmic affinities and the speed of their discovery. This might also reflect the sources that hold the most interest in reporting these events, and thus tend to influence public perception and policy. As with the earlier, related project A Draft for Asinabka, this section of To Justify Land looks at the rhetoric that is used to represent to the public the interests of multinational corporate entities, the competency of corporate leadership, and the rhizomatic accumulation that leads towards prosperity. This particular section will also continue to evolve as a ‘living’ document, and as such is ‘unfinished’ – the completeness of it at this stage is not the point.

The framework for this project is the Hydro One Board of Directors, announced in 2015, in the same moment as the Zibi development was finally receiving local media traction for the sale of Domtar land for condominium development, and the launch of Hydro Ottawa’s $45 million dam upgrade. The incestuous entanglements of the Ontario Hydro One Board of Directors reflects the absurdity of the corporatized regime under which the earth continues to be exploited under the motivations of ‘economic prosperity’. The interconnections demonstrate how crises that appear disconnected – such as the privatization of water in Delhi, mining in Brazil, Saudi Arabian ‘special economic zones’, the mergers and contracts of seemingly apolitical construction companies, and the construction of a condominium development in Ottawa – are closely related, but often neglected in the context of the innocuous entries and exits of the figureheads who determine these maneuvers. The absurdity of the relationships is contextualised with recent news, excerpts, or tangentially relevant bits of trivia that inform their actions. Formally, it’s an experiment with the usefulness of the footnote / annotation as an irritant where footnotes concentrate on ‘derivative facts’, and with the hyperlink for mapping nets of influence. These ‘nets’ are intended to reflect the connections  between the protagonists behind the governance, auditing & oversight, and policy influence of the corporate acquisitions of ‘public assets’. These connections are available to the public – however, due to their displacement and the limited means of their discussion and representation, they remain ‘hidden in plain sight’. In the complex and non-linear operations of an economic climate that is created through collaborative business and relationship building, the relevance is found in repetition. Here, information leads to more information!